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Which IDE is Better for Python?



An IDE, or Integrated Development Environment, is a software tool used for creating computer programs. It can include a wide range of features such as a compiler, debugger, and other tools required for software development. IDEs are useful for integrating various aspects of a program, such as a syntax, logic, data type, algorithm, user interface, performance, etc.

In addition to software development, IDEs are also popular in the fields of Data Science and Machine Learning (ML) due to the availability of extensive libraries.

The Popularity of Python in Data Science and ML:

Python is a popular language for data science for several reasons:

1. Ease of Use

2. Large Community and Libraries

3. Flexibility

4. Interoperability

5. Open-source and Free

6. Can automate tasks

7. Backed by large corporations such as Google, Facebook, and Amazon Web Services

8. Integrated tools for machine learning, natural language processing, data visualization, and analytics.

The graph below shows Python’s popularity in Data science and ML projects.


Which Python IDE Should You Use for Data Science?

Some of the popular Python IDEs for data science in 2023 are listed below:


Key features:

  • Lightweight and efficient IDE, which makes it ideal for data science and ML.   Includes a static code analysis feature that can identify redundant variables, errors, and syntax problems in your code without compilation.
  • Integrated with many popular data science packages, such as NumPy, SciPy, Pandas, IPython, and others, which can help you in performing data analytics tasks.


Key features:

  • IDE is compatible with Windows, Linux, and Mac OS.
  • Features a debugger that enables line-by-line debugging.
  • User-friendly GUI simplifies the process of installing third-party packages.
  • Autocompletion feature predicts and completes code with an error-checking functionality, good for data science projects.


Key Features:

  • Highly-regarded Python IDE for ML and Data Science professionals.
  • Key features include auto code completion, auto-formatting, and autosave.
  • Zen mode feature allows users to minimize distractions and extraneous screens to focus on their ongoing projects.
  • Files created in JupyterLab can be downloaded in multiple formats, such as .py, pdf, and other formats
  • Provides users with the flexibility of sharing and collaborating on their work.


Key features:

  • Top features include auto code completion, auto code indentation, and more.
  • A smart debugger can analyze code and highlight errors, a popular choice for Data Science and ML professionals working in web development.
  • Users can search for any specific symbol used in lengthy codes and interlink multiple scripts with ease.
  • The refactoring feature enables users to restructure their code: changing method signatures, renaming files, and extracting methods from the code.
  • ML professionals use PyCharm’s integrated unit testing feature to test their ML pipelines.

Visual Studio Code (VSCode)

Key features:

  • Free and open-source for data science projects
  • Supports a vast array of programming languages.
  • A customizable user interface, powerful syntax highlighting and IntelliSense code completion, integrated debugging tools for code analysis and troubleshooting, and editing source code.
  • Includes an integrated source control system with support for Git and other providers,
  • Has a built-in terminal for running shell commands from within the editor.
  • Highly customizable through extensions, enabling ML users to tailor their experience to their specific needs.
IDE Table


This post focuses on some of the popular Python IDEs used by data science and ML professionals. However, the type of project developers are working on is the key to selecting the best IDE because every IDE has its pros and cons.

Popular IDE’s

Most Popular Python IDEs, 2020 data

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