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Test Automation Using Selenium WebDriver

In order to ensure the caliber and stability of your applications, one needs to opt for testing. Application testing can extensively help you spot any kinds of bugs in your code and fix them. 

It can also assist you in ensuring that your application is functional across multiple browsers and operating systems. Selenium testing is a popular tool for automated testing since it enables you to create tests in a variety of programming languages and run them on a wide range of operating systems and browsers.

Selenium – A Brief Overview

To assess web applications across various browsers and platforms, Selenium is a free (open-source) automated testing framework. You can write Selenium Test Scripts in a variety of programming languages, including Java, C#, Python, and others. Selenium testing is the name given to testing carried out with the Selenium testing tool.

A natively operating automation API that operates like an object-oriented web browser is Selenium WebDriver.There are several programming languages supported by Selenium WebDriver.

Selenium WebDriver – An Overview

WebDriver was developed by Simon Stewart about 2006, a time when JavaScript tools like Selenium Core were making browsers and web applications both more powerful and more constrained. It was the first cross-platform testing framework to allow OS-level browser control.

Being a free and open-source program, Selenium WebDriver automates various user interactions with web browsers. Tests that simulate user actions on a web application can be created using this tool, with support for programming languages such as Java, C#, Python, and Perl. 

WebDriver offers a robust and flexible test automation framework that allows for the easy creation of automated tests for web applications. 

How Does Selenium Work?

In order for Selenium WebDriver to function, user activities are simulated. The tasks you want the user to perform are specified in a Selenium test, and Selenium will carry them out on the browser automatically.

WebDriver communicates natively with the browser programs, unlike Selenium RC, which needs a core engine. Various programming languages, including Python, Ruby, PHP, and Perl, are also supported by WebDriver. Additionally, it can manage Selenium automation testing by integrating with frameworks like TestNG and JUnit.

The test code for Selenium is written in any of the below-mentioned programming languages and is then interpreted by the driver. 

  • JSON Wire Protocol- JSON Wire Protocol offers a method of transporting data insights between a server and a client. For many different web services, JSON Wire Protocol is the de facto standard.
  • Browser drivers – To establish a safe connection with the browser, Selenium uses drivers that are unique to each browser.
  • Browsers- Selenium WebDriver supports a wide range of web browsers for app testing and execution.

Wrapping Up

So, this was all you needed to know about test automation using Selenium WebDriver. Being a subsidiary of Sambodhi Research and Communications Pvt. Ltd., Education Nest is a global knowledge exchange platform that empowers learners with data-driven decision making skills. 

If you wish to explore more about SQT, then our powerful courses can help you out. Register today!

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