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NLP and Machine Learning: Building Predictive Models with Text Data

The predictive model will take into account the final word of a specific sentence and forecast the following potential word. Deep learning, language modeling, and natural language processing techniques will be employed.

Data pre-processing will come first, then data analysis. After tokenizing the data, we will proceed to build the deep learning model. LSTMs will be used to construct the deep learning model.

To improve our text analysis, we’ll try out several different packages. Instead of focusing on a single task, we will experiment with a number of tools that generate output through the use of machine learning and/or natural language processing.

It’s impossible to cover all aspects of using machine learning for NLP in a single article because the subject is so vast. You might discover that the tools mentioned in this article don’t matter from your perspective. Or that we used the default parameters rather than making any necessary adjustments, which is the case for the majority of them.

Keep in mind that the packages, tools, and models chosen to improve the analysis of feedback data were arbitrary choices. However, you might be able to find a more effective tool or a different strategy. We urge you to do so and report your findings.


Text analysis and processing can be referred to by the terms machine learning and natural language processing, which are both very general concepts. We’ll leave the establishment of a clear distinction between these two terms to philosophers rather than attempting to do so ourselves.

1.     Sentiment Analysis

Popular uses of machine learning power include sentiment analysis. By scrutinizing each text’s content, we can determine whether a sentence or the text as a whole carries more weight in favor of positivity or negativity. If you want to present only the positive product reviews or remove the negative ones, this can be of great value.

2.     Model Development Plan

The documents will be used to create a text prediction model. There will be the following stages in the development process.

●       Text Pre-processing

According to the data above, it is not necessary to use the entire dataset to capture the majority of word uses in this corpus. The following will be done to the text as part of the pre-processing:

The word stems reduce the number of forms each word takes in the corpus. All words should have part-of-speech tags added to them. Infrequent words should be replaced with tags that include part of speech.

●       Model Building

The cleaned data allows for the construction of lists of n-grams. In the beginning, four-gram-long unigrams will be produced. In the process of building the model, the necessity of four grams versus trigrams will be assessed. We will assess the handling of n-grams that have never been seen before using backoff logic.

To handle words that had not previously been seen, the model will employ smoothing. In the course of the training, various smoothing techniques will be assessed.

Using Markov chains, the probabilities of sentences will be assessed in order to train the model. For each of the various n-grams, probabilities will be kept in log Probability tables to prevent underflow.

●       Application Development

On top of the model, a text prediction application will be constructed to let users easily interact with it. The server will receive a user-submitted word or set of words, process the input, and return the three words that are most likely to come next.

Wrapping Up

So, this was all you needed to know about building predictive models with text data. Being a subsidiary of Sambodhi Research and Communications Pvt. Ltd., Education Nest is a global knowledge exchange platform that empowers learners with data-driven decision making skills.

Enroll in our powerful set of courses to explore more about NLP with ease. Register today!

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